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The Collie Dog

by ace

The Collie dog makes an excellent sporting dog and can be taught to do the work of the Pointer and the Setter, as well as that of the Water Spaniel and the Retriever. He can be trained to perform the duties of other breeds.

He is gifted at hunting, having a sharp nose, is a good vermin-killer, and a most faithful watch, guard, and companion.

Little is known with certainty of the origin of the Collie, but his cunning and his outward appearance would seem to indicate a relationship with the wild dog.

Buffon believed that he was the faithful dog of nature, the stock, and the model of the whole canine species.

He considered the Sheepdog superior in instinct and intelligence to all other breeds, and that, with a character in which education has a comparatively little share, he is the only animal born correctly trained for the service of man.

At the shows, this type of dog is invariably at the top of the class.

He is considered the most tractable and is undoubtedly the most agile. Second to this type in favor is the smooth-coated variety, a tough, useful dog, well adapted for hill work, and a usually very fleet of foot.

He is not so sweet in mood as the black and white and is slow to make friends. There is not a more graceful and physically beautiful dog to be seen than the show Collie of the present period. Produced from the old working type, he is now practically a distinct breed.

The skull should be flat, moderately wide between the ears, and gradually tapering towards the eyes. There should only be a slight depression at the end.

The width of the skull necessarily depends upon the combined length of the head and muzzle, and the whole must be considered in connection with the size of the dog. The cheek should not be full or prominent.

The muzzle should be of reasonable length, tapering to the nose, and must not show weakness or be snippy or lippy. Whatever the color of the dog may be, the nose must be black.

The teeth should be of the right size, sound, and level; very slight unevenness is permissible—the jaws Clean cut and robust.

The eyes are an essential feature, and give expression to the dog; they should be of medium size, set somewhat obliquely, of almond shape, and of a brown color except in the case of merles, when the eyes are frequently (one or both) blue and white or china; expression full of intelligence, with a quick alert look when listening.

The ears should be small and moderately wide at the base and placed not too close together but on the top of the skull and not on the side of the head.

When in repose, they should be usually carried thrown back, but when on the alert brought forward and carried semi-erect, with tips slightly drooping in an attitude of listening.

The neck should be muscular, powerful, and of moderate length, and somewhat arched. The body should be healthy, with well-sprung ribs, chest deep, fairly broad behind the shoulders, which should be sloped, loins very powerful.

The dog should be straight in front. The fore-legs should be straight and muscular, neither in nor out at elbows, with a fair amount of bone; the forearm somewhat fleshy, the pasterns showing flexibility without weakness.

The hind-legs should be muscular at the thighs, clean and sinewy below the hocks, with well-bent stifles. The feet should be oval in shape, soles well padded, and the toes arched and close together.

In general character, he is a lithe, active dog, his deep chest showing lung power, his neck strength, his sloping shoulders and well-bent hocks indicating speed, and his expression high intelligence.

He should be a decent length on the leg, giving him more of a racy than a cloddy appearance. In a few words, a Collie should show endurance, activity, and intelligence, with free and real action.

In height, dogs should be 22 ins. To 24 ins. At the shoulders, bitches 20 ins. To 22 ins. The weight for dogs is 45 to 65 lbs., bitches 40 to 55 lbs. The smooth Collie only differs from the rough in its coat, which should be hard, dense, and quite soft.

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