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National Assembly approves 1st Civil Code in China's history

by Ace Damon
National Assembly approves 1st Civil Code in China's history

After decades of trying to establish the text, the document was endorsed by parliamentarians, with 1,260 articles, which will come into force next year

National Assembly approves 1st Civil Code in China's history

The National People's Assembly of China (ANP) approved on Thursday (28) the Civil Code, which until then did not exist in the country, which regulates, among other topics, the right to privacy.

After decades of trying to establish the text, the document that was endorsed by parliamentarians, with 1,260 articles, will come into force as of January 1 of next year.

Controversial laws

The Civil Code is based on existing regulations in China, such as the Civil Liability, Contracts, Successions, Adoptions and Weddings Law.

With respect to the latter, the text only recognizes marriages between people of different sexes and does not address extramarital cohabitation.

Another controversy is the possibility that a divorce request will be withdrawn in the first 30 days after the beginning of the procedure. ANP sources, however, guarantee that this will not apply in case of violence against women.

When it comes to Population Rights, there are regulations on the right to life, health, honor, as well as privacy, the protection of personal information, in a country where there is constant surveillance, through street cameras and smartphone data collection. .

One of the articles details the circumstances in which the storage or use of personal information is exempted from civil liability, while another regulates the obligations of those who manage this type of content.

China has been trying to introduce a Civil Code since the 1950s, but without success, whether for political or socioeconomic reasons.

With the adoption of the text and the controversy over Hong Kong's national security law, among other decisions, the National Assembly, which was postponed by more than two months because of the Covid-19 pandemic, the disease caused by the new coronavirus, had annual meeting closed today.

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