The devices and implements used to fight plant enemies are of two types:
(1) those used for mechanical protection of the plants;
(2) those used to apply insecticides and fungicides.
Of the first, the most useful is the covered picture. It generally consists of a wooden box, about eighteen inches to two square feet and about eight tall, covered with glass, protecting fabrics, mosquito nets, or mosquito threads.
The first two coverings, of course, have the added advantage of retaining heat and protecting from the cold, enabling their use to plant earlier than is safe. They are used extensively to get a fresh, early start with cucumbers, melons, and other vine vegetables.
The simplest devices to protect newly assembled plants, such as tomatoes or cabbage, from the cutworm, are rigid, tin, cardboard, or tar collars, which are made several inches high and are large enough to be placed on the floor. Around the stem and penetrate a stem: inches or more on the ground.
For the application of toxic powders, the gardener must provide a powder gun. If it is necessary to restrict yourself to a single implement, however, it is best to buy one of the hand-held compressed air sprayers.
They are used for the application of wet sprays and must be supplied with one of several forms of fog nozzles, the best being the automatic non-obstructing type. For more extensive work, a drum pump, mounted on wheels, is desirable, but one of the options above will do a lot of work in a short time.
Extension rods can be obtained for use in spraying trees and vines. For operations on a tiny scale, a first manual syringe can be used, but, in general, it is better to invest a few dollars more and get a small tank sprayer, as this launches a continuous flow or spray and maintains a large amount of water— along with a greater amount of the spray solution.
Whichever type you purchase, purchase a brass machine that will wear out three or four of those made of cheaper metal, which succumbs very quickly to the corrosive action of the potent poisons and chemicals used in them.
Of the implements for the harvest, besides the spade, the hoe and the fork, very few are used in the small garden, as most of them need not only long lines to be economically used, but also horses.
The onion harvester attachment for the double wheel hoe can be used to advantage when loosening onions, beets, turnips, etc., from the soil or when cutting spinach.
The operation of the hand plow on both sides of carrots, parsnips, and other deep-growing vegetables will materially help to take them out.
For fruit harvesting, with tall trees, the wire finger picker, attached to the handle of a long handle, will be of great help, but with the modern method of using low head trees, it will not be necessary.
Another class of garden implements is those used in pruning. Still, where this is adequately attended to from the beginning, a good sharp knife and a pair of pruning shears easily handle all the necessary work.
Yet another type of garden device is used to support plants, such as piles, trusses, wires, etc. Generally, little attention is paid to these items, as, with due care in storing during the winter, they not only last for years but significantly increase the convenience of cultivation and the elegant appearance of the garden.
As a final word for the would-be buyer of garden tools, I would say: first investigate the different types available thoroughly when buying,
Don’t forget that a useful tool or a well-made machine will offer satisfactory use for a long time after the price is forgotten. At the same time, the poor are a constant source of discomfort.
Get proper tools and take good care of them. And let me repeat that a few dollars a year, spent wisely, for devices that are subsequently well maintained, will soon provide a complete set and increase the profit and pleasure of the garden.