There is no discrepancy in the idea that in the most initial period of man’s habitation in this world, he made a friend and companion to some Aboriginal representative of our modern dog.
And that, in exchange for his help in protecting him from wild animals and in guarding his sheep and goats, he gave her a part of his food, a corner in his house, and came to trust and care for her.
The animal was probably initially little more than an unusually gentle jackal, or a sick wolf led by his companions in the pack of wild marauders to seek shelter in strange environments.
One can well conceive of the possibility of the partnership starting when some helpless chicks were brought home by the first hunters to be cared for and raised by women and children.
Dogs introduced into the house as toys for children would grow up and consider themselves as members of the family. In almost all parts of the world, traces of an indigenous dog in a family can be found.
The only exceptions are the islands of the West Indies, Madagascar, the islands of the archipelago of Malaysia, New Zealand, and the islands of Polynesia, where there is no sign that any dog, wolf or fox has existed as a real Aboriginal animal.
In the ancient eastern lands, and generally among the first Mongols, the dog remained wild and neglected for centuries, prowling in packs, as it prowls around the streets and under the walls of all eastern cities today. No attempt was made to attract him to human companionship or to make him docile.
Only after examining the records of the superior civilizations of Assyria and Egypt do we discover any varieties other than the canine form. The dog was not much appreciated in Palestine, and, in both the Old and New Testaments, it is commonly referred to with contempt as an “impure beast.”
Even the well-known reference to the sheepdog in the book of Job “But now those younger than me, whose parents I would have scorned to put with the dogs of my flock, mock me for suggesting contempt.”
Significantly, the only biblical allusion to the dog as a recognized companion of man occurs in the apocryphal book of Tobias, “So they both went out and the young man’s dog with them.”
The large crowd of different breeds of dogs and the vast differences in their sizes and general appearance are facts that make it difficult to believe that they may have had a common ancestry.
One thinks of the difference between the Mastiff and the Japanese Spaniel, the Deerhound and the fashionable Pomeranian, Saint Bernard and the Miniature Black and Tan Terrier, and is perplexed to contemplate the possibility of having descended from a common parent.
However, the disparity is no more significant than between the Shire horse and the Shetland pony, the Shorthorn and Kerry cattle, or the Patagonian and the Pygmy, and all dog breeders know how easy it is to breed a variety of type and size by studying selection.
To properly understand this issue, it is necessary first to consider the identity of the wolf and dog structure. This structure identity can be studied in a comparison of the skeletal system of the two animals, which are so similar that their transposition would not be easily detected.
The dog’s spine consists of seven vertebrae in the neck, thirteen in the back, seven in the loins, three sacral vertebrae, and twenty to twenty-two in the tail. In both the dog and the wolf, there are thirteen pairs of ribs, nine true and four false. Each has forty-two teeth.
Both have five front and four back fingers, while externally, the ordinary wolf has so much the appearance of a sizeable bare-boned dog, that a simplified description of one would suit the other.
The wolf’s natural voice is a loud howl, but when confined to dogs, it will learn to bark. Although he is a carnivore, he will also eat vegetables and, when he is sick, will nibble on the grass.
In pursuit, a pack of wolves will divide into groups, one following the trail of the quarry, the other endeavoring to intercept their retreat, exercising considerable strategy, a trait that is exhibited by many of our dogs and sport terriers when hunting in teams.
Another important point of similarity between Canis lupus and Canis familiaris lies in the fact that the gestation period in both species is sixty-three days. There are three to nine cubs in a wolf’s litter, and they are blind for twenty-one days.
They are fed for two months, but at the end of that time, they can eat semi-digested meat dumped for them by their mother or even their father.
Dogs native to all regions are similar in size, color, shape, and habit of wolves native to those regions. Of this most important circumstance, there are many examples to allow it to be considered a mere coincidence.
Sir John Richardson, writing in 1829, noted that “the similarity between North American wolves and the Indians’ domestic dog is so high that the size and strength of the wolf appear to be the only difference.
It has been suggested that the indisputable argument against the lupine relationship of the dog is the fact that all domestic dogs bark. At the same time, all wild Canids express their feelings only by howling.
But the difficulty here is not as severe as it seems, as we know that jackals, wild dogs, and wolf puppies raised by breeders readily acquire the habit.
On the other hand, domestic dogs can run wild, forgetting to bark, while some have not yet learned to express themselves.
The presence or absence of the habit of barking cannot, so, to be considered as an argument to decide the question regarding the origin of the dog.
This obstacle consequently disappears, leaving us in the position to agree with Darwin.
His final hypothesis was that “is high It is likely that the domestic dogs of the world have descended from two good wolf species (C. lupus and C. latrans), and two or three other doubtful species of wolves, namely, the European, Indian and North African forms; at least one or two South American canine species; of various breeds or species of a jackal; and perhaps one or more extinct species;” and that the blood of these, in some cases mixed, flows in the veins of our domestic breeds.
There are many dog-loving clubs in the U.S. that offer much more for dog lovers.
The American Kennel Club has a dog lovers section called “For the Love of Purebred Dogs.”
It is dedicated to living at home with dogs. This canine club offers informational and educational materials on pet care, training, nutrition, and more. It also includes funny stories, art, pet history, and the most popular pet recovery method.
Also popular are sites such as dog breeds and events pages.
The American Mixed Breed Obedience Registration or (AMBOR), for example, was created in 1983 to take perseverance and praise into obeys contests into account.
Clubs as these are the ticket for all obedience and agility programs, automatic tabulation in the national agility and obedience ranking system. This also includes giving eligibility for annual awards.
“Black Collar” Affair honor canine heroes.
The guests of honor wear black ties, arrive in limousines, and walk the yellow carpet – on all fours.
At a “black collar” ceremony in New York City, professionally trained guide dogs were honored for their contributions to the community through the Pedigree Paws to Recognize program, an annual tribute to canine heroes.
Canine works to protect America’s borders. Their career at U.S. Customs and Border Protection, detecting marijuana, cocaine, and heroin.
Guide dogs for the blind and volunteers at hospitals.
Rescue hunting dogs that are on call 24 hours a day.
Military dogs, where they are a morale booster for lonely and homesick soldiers.
More than 50,000 people vote online for the dog they thought most deserved the title of Canine of the Year.
All nominees received medals of honor, and each dog’s paw print was placed on cement. The photos were then added to the Hollywood style “Pedigree Paws of Fame” in Los Angeles.
This year, Pedigree created two additional awards in a new category, “Day-to-day heroes,” honoring dogs that do not provide service and people who exemplify love for dogs through their work.
Is “Hybrid” dog just another word for Mutt?
Every day we hear more about the new “hybrid” dogs or “designed” dogs. Each resource is accompanied by photos of adorable puppies that are examples of this new “breed.” Of course, they are cute! All puppies are!
Should you pay hundreds and, in some cases, thousands of dollars for one? Certainly not! The offspring of a mating between two purebred dogs of different breeds is a mongrel. And if you have one, you must love it, train it and care for it as if it had the bluest blood in the canine kingdom.
Each breed of dog and there are hundreds in the world was “created” by humans. Each race was developed for a specific purpose – whether the first job was to protect the herd or to be the ideal lap dog.
There is no reason why development should not continue. If there is a need for a dog with particular characteristics, enterprising individuals will come forward to meet that need.
However, it takes many generations to “reproduce truly.” Compare yourself with your brothers.
Do you all have the same appearance, the same personality, the same interests, and strengths? You probably don’t. Each of you has some of your parents’ “best” characteristics.
The thinking behind these crosses is reasonably apparent: wouldn’t it be nice to have a Golden Retriever’s personality and willingness to please combined with the Poodle’s intelligence and what it doesn’t let go of?
Wouldn’t it be just as delicious to have a small dog without the breathing problems of a Pug, but quieter than a Beagle?
But there is no way to know that you are not going to get a tense, loud, stubborn, and drooling mongrel that runs away like the dickens! If you are thinking of spending the money, these “hybrids” are generating, be sure to research all the characteristics of the contributing breeds.
You will get a mixture of the two. And an equally delicious combination may be waiting for you at your local shelter – the size you want, the coat you want, and the adorable face that melts your heart.
If you need specific characteristics in your puppy – if a family member has an allergy, if you have a tiny yard or no yard at all, or if your home needs an “easy handler,” or if you want to participate in the canine world competition totally, consider a purebred animal.
There are more than 150 breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club. Search for them at www.akc.org.
Undoubtedly, one of them is right for you.
Sooner or later, all parents will hear, “Can I please have a puppy?”
Rather than dodge the issue, parents should consider whether their family is ready for a pet, says Sharon Bergen, senior vice president of education and training at Knowledge Learning Corporation, the leading national provider of care and culture in the first childhood.
Bergen suggests that parents weigh the pros and cons of adding a pet to the home before agreeing to a child’s request. “A pet can teach children responsibilities and become a wonderful addition to a family, or it can be a burden,” she says.
Bergen recommends that families consider the following before deciding. Who will take care of the animal?
Families must agree in advance who will be responsible for feeding, walking, bathing, and cleaning after the animal. Do you have room for a pet? Families living in apartments or villas may prefer a cat, bird or fish, rather than a Labrador retriever.
Check the library or the Internet to learn more about the different types and breeds of pets to determine the most suitable for your family. Having a pet is time-consuming and can be expensive.
Family members must realize that they may have to abandon other activities to care for a pet properly. If the prospect seems too frightening, parents may suggest waiting until the child is old enough to help care for an animal.
Bergen recommends that the whole family get to know the animal before deciding to take it home. Having a pet is a long-term commitment, so think carefully before adopting a new furry member of the family.